2013 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Texas
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Aug/31/2014

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation524
Farm Operations - Number of Operations248,500
Farm Operations - Acres Operated130,100,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )3,910,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )440,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )10,900,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )2,450,000
Goats, Angora - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )75,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )870,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )20,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )740,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2013 )590,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head21,984
Milk - Production, Measured in $1,960,440,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb9,610,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
COTTON
COTTON, UPLAND5,800,0003,100,000646.00 LB / ACRE4,170,000 480 LB BALES0.74 $ / LB1,525,296,000
COTTON, COTTONSEED1,368,000 TONS254.00 $ / TON372,872,000
COTTON, PIMA9,0008,500847.00 LB / ACRE15,000 480 LB BALES1.64 $ / LB12,595,000
COTTON5,809,0003,108,500646.00 LB / ACRE4,185,000 480 LB BALES
CORN
CORN, GRAIN2,000,000138.00 BU / ACRE276,000,000 BU5.15 $ / BU1,421,400,000
CORN, SILAGE200,00019.00 TONS / ACRE3,800,000 TONS
CORN2,350,000
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE5,744,0001.63 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS9,345,000 TONS, DRY BASIS940,657,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA20,000144,0004.47 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS644,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)5,600,0001.55 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS8,701,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY
HAY5,640,0001.57 TONS / ACRE8,880,000 TONS120.00 $ / TON896,565,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)5,500,0001.50 TONS / ACRE8,250,000 TONS89.00 $ / TON746,625,000
HAY, ALFALFA140,0004.50 TONS / ACRE630,000 TONS239.00 $ / TON149,940,000
SORGHUM
SORGHUM, GRAIN2,300,00056.00 BU / ACRE128,800,000 BU8.40 $ / CWT605,875,000
SORGHUM, SILAGE120,00015.00 TONS / ACRE1,800,000 TONS
SORGHUM3,000,000
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER6,200,0002,250,00029.00 BU / ACRE65,250,000 BU7.11 $ / BU456,750,000
WHEAT6,200,0002,250,00029.00 BU / ACRE65,250,000 BU7.11 $ / BU456,750,000
RICE
RICE145,000144,0007,740.00 LB / ACRE11,145,000 CWT17.00 $ / CWT189,465,000
RICE, MEDIUM GRAIN3,0003,0004,900.00 LB / ACRE147,000 CWT
RICE, LONG GRAIN142,000141,0007,800.00 LB / ACRE10,998,000 CWT
PEANUTS
PEANUTS120,000117,0003,700.00 LB / ACRE432,900,000 LB0.32 $ / LB135,065,000
POTATOES
POTATOES, SUMMER18,00017,700460.00 CWT / ACRE8,142,000 CWT16.10 $ / CWT131,086,000
POTATOES18,00017,700460.00 CWT / ACRE8,142,000 CWT16.10 $ / CWT131,086,000
ONIONS
ONIONS, DRY, SPRING11,4009,700360.00 CWT / ACRE3,492,000 CWT23.80 $ / CWT83,110,000
MELONS
MELONS, WATERMELON, FRESH MARKET26,00023,000240.00 CWT / ACRE5,520,000 CWT9.70 $ / CWT53,544,000
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET2,2001,900120.00 CWT / ACRE228,000 CWT31.00 $ / CWT7,068,000
MELONS, HONEYDEW, FRESH MARKET700650280.00 CWT / ACRE182,000 CWT28.60 $ / CWT5,205,000
PECANS
PECANS, UTILIZED, IN SHELL28,000,000 LB44,780,000
PECANS, IMPROVED, UTILIZED, IN SHELL22,000,000 LB39,380,000
PECANS, NATIVE & SEEDLING, UTILIZED, IN SHELL6,000,000 LB5,400,000
PECANS1.60 $ / LB
PECANS, NATIVE & SEEDLING0.90 $ / LB
PECANS, IMPROVED1.79 $ / LB
GRAPEFRUIT
GRAPEFRUIT18,500330.00 BOXES / ACRE7.06 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV43,060,000
GRAPEFRUIT, FRESH MARKET12.70 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV38,100,000
GRAPEFRUIT, PROCESSING1.60 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV4,960,000
GRAPEFRUIT, UTILIZED244,000 TONS
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET6,5006,100340.00 CWT / ACRE2,074,000 CWT17.90 $ / CWT37,125,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS105,00095,00025.00 BU / ACRE2,375,000 BU12.50 $ / BU29,688,000
SUNFLOWER
SUNFLOWER114,00085,0001,344.00 LB / ACRE114,250,000 LB23.50 $ / CWT26,865,000
SUNFLOWER, NON-OIL TYPE45,00025,0001,450.00 LB / ACRE36,250,000 LB
SUNFLOWER, OIL TYPE69,00060,0001,300.00 LB / ACRE78,000,000 LB
ORANGES
ORANGES8,800203.00 BOXES / ACRE12.20 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV21,815,000
ORANGES, MID & NAVEL7,500200.00 BOXES / ACRE12.36 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV18,532,000
ORANGES, VALENCIA1,300222.00 BOXES / ACRE11.36 $ / BOX, PHD EQUIV3,283,000
ORANGES, MID & NAVEL, FRESH MARKET25.60 $ / BOX, FOB
ORANGES, FRESH MARKET25.30 $ / BOX, FOB
ORANGES, VALENCIA, FRESH MARKET24.00 $ / BOX, FOB
ORANGES, MID & NAVEL, UTILIZED64,000 TONS
ORANGES, VALENCIA, UTILIZED12,000 TONS
ORANGES, UTILIZED76,000 TONS
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED7,500 TONS19,275,000
PEACHES, FRESH MARKET7,500 TONS2,570.00 $ / TON19,275,000
PEACHES3,3002.50 TONS / ACRE8,250 TONS2,570.00 $ / TON
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED400 TONS
PEACHES, NOT SOLD350 TONS
BEANS
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE33,00030,0001,220.00 LB / ACRE366,000 CWT46.00 $ / CWT16,836,000
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, OTHER2,0001,9001,220.00 LB / ACRE23,000 CWT
BEANS, DRY EDIBLE, BLACKEYE31,00028,1001,220.00 LB / ACRE343,000 CWT
PEPPERS
PEPPERS, CHILE3,6003,20062.00 CWT / ACRE198,000 CWT51.50 $ / CWT10,189,000
SPINACH
SPINACH, FRESH MARKET1,4001,300200.00 CWT / ACRE260,000 CWT38.50 $ / CWT10,010,000
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED5,590 TONS8,711,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING5,490 TONS1,560.00 $ / TON8,564,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET100 TONS1,470.00 $ / TON147,000
GRAPES3,5001.66 TONS / ACRE5,800 TONS1,560.00 $ / TON
GRAPES, NOT SOLD10 TONS
GRAPES, NOT HARVESTED200 TONS
GRAPES, PROCESSING, WINE5,490 TONS1,560.00 $ / TON
OATS
OATS450,00050,00046.00 BU / ACRE2,300,000 BU3.63 $ / BU8,395,000
CUCUMBERS
CUCUMBERS, PROCESSING, PICKLES4,4004,0004.70 TONS / ACRE18,800 TONS430.00 $ / TON8,084,000
CUCUMBERS, FRESH MARKET2,6002,000115.00 CWT / ACRE230,000 CWT22.50 $ / CWT5,175,000
SQUASH
SQUASH2,0001,90090.00 CWT / ACRE171,000 CWT46.00 $ / CWT7,866,000
CARROTS
CARROTS, FRESH MARKET1,8001,600210.00 CWT / ACRE336,000 CWT22.00 $ / CWT7,392,000
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET2,4002,10075.00 CWT / ACRE158,000 CWT21.80 $ / CWT3,444,000
SUGARCANE
SUGARCANE, SUGAR & SEED35,10042.30 TONS / ACRE1,483,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SUGAR34,10042.40 TONS / ACRE1,446,000 TONS
SUGARCANE, SEED1,00037.00 TONS / ACRE37,000 TONS
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET45.00 $ / CWT
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE110,0008.55 TONS / ACRE940,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)106,0008.60 TONS / ACRE912,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA4,0007.00 TONS / ACRE28,000 TONS
SWEET POTATOES
SWEET POTATOES1,000800100.00 CWT / ACRE80,000 CWT

Census State Profile: Texas

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold25,375,581350
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 7,366,993850
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products18,008,588150
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas3,049,5221450
Tobacco--19
Cotton and cottonseed1,618,671117
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes474,949850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries251,647850
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod1,011,669350
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops2,4462049
Other crops and hay958,088350
Poultry and eggs2,624,759650
Cattle and calves13,013,127150
Milk from cows1,698,264650
Hogs and pigs239,3581550
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk122,053150
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys149,103350
Aquaculture82,033750
Other animals and other animal products79,891350
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop5,069,579150
Cotton, all3,844,464117
Upland cotton3,835,216117
Wheat for grain, all2,993,969549
Winter wheat for grain2,989,113348
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens107,351,698650
Layers20,902,244550
Cattle and calves11,159,747150
Pullets for laying flock replacement6,244,474750
Turkeys1,747,5261750

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00080,196
   $1,000 to $2,49932,579
   $2,500 to $4,99929,961
   $5,000 to $9,99932,144
   $10,000 to $19,99925,156
   $20,000 to $24,9996,625
   $25,000 to $39,99911,250
   $40,000 to $49,9994,255
   $50,000 to $99,9999,154
   $100,000 to $249,9997,631
   $250,000 to $499,9993,846
   $500,000 or more6,012
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)25,404,943
   Average per farm ($)102,106
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,965,736
   Average per farm ($)7,901
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming104,769
   Other144,040
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male210,357
   Female38,452
  
Average age of principal operator60.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native3,820
   Asian1,226
   Black or African American11,719
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander147
   White351,950
   More than one race2,202
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 234,264

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.