2013 STATE AGRICULTURE OVERVIEW
 Pennsylvania
Survey Data from Quick Stats as of: Dec/18/2014

Farms Operations

Farm Operations - Area Operated, Measured in Acres / Operation130
Farm Operations - Number of Operations59,300
Farm Operations - Acres Operated7,700,000

Livestock Inventory

Cattle, Cows, Beef - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )170,000
Cattle, Cows, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )530,000
Cattle, Incl Calves - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )1,620,000
Cattle, On Feed - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )75,000
Goats, Meat & Other - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )43,000
Goats, Milk - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )12,000
Sheep, Incl Lambs - Inventory ( First of Jan. 2014 )94,000
Hogs - Inventory ( First of Dec. 2013 )1,080,000
Turkeys - Production, Measured in Head7,000,000

Milk Production

Milk - Production, Measured in Lb / Head19,822
Milk - Production, Measured in $2,282,040,000
Milk - Production, Measured in Lb10,565,000,000

Crops - Planted, Harvested, Yield, Production, Price (MYA), Value of Production
CommodityPlanted All Purpose AcresHarvested AcresYieldProductionPrice per UnitValue of Production in Dollars
HAY & HAYLAGE
HAY & HAYLAGE1,540,0002.79 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS4,294,000 TONS, DRY BASIS795,709,000
HAY & HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)1,050,0002.17 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,279,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
HAY & HAYLAGE, ALFALFA80,000490,0004.11 TONS / ACRE, DRY BASIS2,015,000 TONS, DRY BASIS
CORN
CORN, GRAIN1,090,000147.00 BU / ACRE160,230,000 BU4.47 $ / BU664,955,000
CORN1,480,000
CORN, SILAGE380,00020.50 TONS / ACRE7,790,000 TONS
HAY
HAY1,260,0002.32 TONS / ACRE2,918,000 TONS184.00 $ / TON532,342,000
HAY, (EXCL ALFALFA)920,0002.10 TONS / ACRE1,932,000 TONS178.00 $ / TON338,100,000
HAY, ALFALFA340,0002.90 TONS / ACRE986,000 TONS200.00 $ / TON194,242,000
SOYBEANS
SOYBEANS560,000555,00049.00 BU / ACRE27,195,000 BU13.00 $ / BU322,445,000
APPLES
APPLES, UTILIZED455,000,000 LB84,655,000
APPLES, FRESH MARKET180,000,000 LB0.33 $ / LB58,860,000
APPLES, PROCESSING275,000,000 LB188.00 $ / TON25,795,000
APPLES, NOT HARVESTED3,000,000 LB
APPLES, PROCESSING, JUICE81,000,000 LB127.00 $ / TON
APPLES, PROCESSING, CANNED187,000,000 LB201.00 $ / TON
APPLES, NOT SOLD11,000,000 LB
APPLES20,00023,500.00 LB / ACRE469,000,000 LB0.19 $ / LB
WHEAT
WHEAT, WINTER185,000155,00068.00 BU / ACRE10,540,000 BU6.83 $ / BU73,984,000
WHEAT185,000155,00068.00 BU / ACRE10,540,000 BU6.83 $ / BU73,984,000
TOBACCO
TOBACCO8,9002,389.00 LB / ACRE21,260,000 LB2.06 $ / LB43,706,000
TOBACCO, AIR-CURED LIGHT BURLEY (TYPE 31)5,1002,400.00 LB / ACRE12,240,000 LB2.10 $ / LB25,704,000
TOBACCO, CIGAR FILLER PA SEED LEAF (TYPE 41)1,8002,400.00 LB / ACRE4,320,000 LB2.10 $ / LB9,072,000
TOBACCO, AIR-CURED LIGHT SOUTHERN MD BELT (TYPE 32)2,0002,350.00 LB / ACRE4,700,000 LB1.90 $ / LB8,930,000
GRAPES
GRAPES, UTILIZED106,000 TONS34,983,000
GRAPES, PROCESSING105,200 TONS322.00 $ / TON33,863,000
GRAPES, FRESH MARKET800 TONS1,400.00 $ / TON1,120,000
GRAPES, NOT HARVESTED4,000 TONS
GRAPES, JUICE TYPE, CONCORD, PROCESSING82,600 TONS
GRAPES, NOT SOLD1,000 TONS
GRAPES, NIAGARA, PROCESSING9,300 TONS
GRAPES, PROCESSING, JUICE84,000 TONS283.00 $ / TON
GRAPES, JUICE TYPE, CONCORD282.00 $ / TON
GRAPES, PROCESSING, WINE21,200 TONS476.00 $ / TON
GRAPES13,0008.54 TONS / ACRE111,000 TONS330.00 $ / TON
SWEET CORN
SWEET CORN, FRESH MARKET14,70014,10071.00 CWT / ACRE1,001,000 CWT31.40 $ / CWT31,431,000
POTATOES
POTATOES, FALL6,7006,600290.00 CWT / ACRE1,914,000 CWT16.20 $ / CWT31,007,000
POTATOES6,7006,600290.00 CWT / ACRE1,914,000 CWT16.20 $ / CWT31,007,000
PEACHES
PEACHES, UTILIZED18,300 TONS18,926,000
PEACHES, NOT HARVESTED700 TONS
PEACHES4,0004.88 TONS / ACRE19,500 TONS1,030.00 $ / TON
PEACHES, NOT SOLD500 TONS
BARLEY
BARLEY75,00060,00068.00 BU / ACRE4,080,000 BU3.89 $ / BU16,320,000
PUMPKINS
PUMPKINS6,9006,500145.00 CWT / ACRE942,000 CWT16.50 $ / CWT15,543,000
OATS
OATS95,00050,00062.00 BU / ACRE3,100,000 BU3.91 $ / BU11,935,000
STRAWBERRIES
STRAWBERRIES, FRESH MARKET51,000 CWT223.00 $ / CWT11,373,000
STRAWBERRIES1,00095054.00 CWT / ACRE51,000 CWT223.00 $ / CWT11,373,000
BEANS
BEANS, SNAP, PROCESSING8,0007,9002.74 TONS / ACRE21,630 TONS284.00 $ / TON6,143,000
MAPLE SYRUP
MAPLE SYRUP0.23 GALLONS / TAP134,000 GALLONS35.60 $ / GALLON4,770,000
CABBAGE
CABBAGE, FRESH MARKET1,000980239.00 CWT / ACRE234,000 CWT16.40 $ / CWT3,838,000
MELONS
MELONS, CANTALOUP, FRESH MARKET980950153.00 CWT / ACRE145,000 CWT25.20 $ / CWT3,654,000
PEARS
PEARS, UTILIZED1,240 TONS1,144,000
PEARS, NOT HARVESTED120 TONS
PEARS, NOT SOLD220 TONS
PEARS8001.98 TONS / ACRE1,580 TONS923.00 $ / TON
CHERRIES
CHERRIES, TART, UTILIZED2,200,000 LB862,000
CHERRIES, TART5004,420.00 LB / ACRE2,200,000 LB0.39 $ / LB
MUSHROOMS
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS6.96 LB / SQ FT0.93 $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, PROCESSING0.62 $ / LB
MUSHROOMS, AGARICUS, FRESH MARKET1.00 $ / LB
TOMATOES
TOMATOES, FRESH MARKET81.00 $ / CWT
HAYLAGE
HAYLAGE465,0005.98 TONS / ACRE2,783,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, ALFALFA285,0007.30 TONS / ACRE2,081,000 TONS
HAYLAGE, (EXCL ALFALFA)180,0003.90 TONS / ACRE702,000 TONS

Census State Profile: Pennsylvania

Ranked Items Within The U.S., 2012
ItemQuantityU.S. RankUniverse 1
MARKET VALUE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS SOLD ($1,000)
Total value of agricultural products sold7,400,7812250
   Value of crops, including nursery and greenhouse 2,782,9112450
   Value of livestock, poultry, and their products4,617,8701350
 
VALUE OF SALES BY COMMODITY GROUP ($1,000)
Grains, oilseeds, dry beans, and dry peas1,210,8692650
Tobacco40,379619
Cotton and cottonseed--17
Vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes140,8751850
Fruit, tree nuts, and berries160,5011050
Nursery, greenhouse, floriculture and sod944,883450
Cut Christmas trees and short rotation woody crops21,148449
Other crops and hay264,2562250
Poultry and eggs1,362,0391050
Cattle and calves717,0852250
Milk from cows1,966,892550
Hogs and pigs457,9161250
Sheep, goats, wool, mohair, and milk15,8401750
Horses, ponies, mules, burros, and donkeys38,693850
Aquaculture26,1231550
Other animals and other animal products33,2831250
 
TOP CROP ITEMS (acres)
Forage-land used for all hay and haylage, grass silage, and greenchop1,651,9171450
Corn for grain998,3761649
Soybeans for beans519,7182045
Corn for silage412,695649
Wheat for grain, all144,7253149
 
TOP LIVESTOCK INVENTORY ITEMS (number)
Broilers and other meat-type chickens29,248,1151650
Layers25,147,630450
Pullets for laying flock replacement7,291,936550
Turkeys2,955,9931150
Cattle and calves1,626,3741950

Other State Highlights, 2012
Economic Characteristics Quantity
Farm by value of sales
   Less than $1,00015,058
   $1,000 to $2,4994,563
   $2,500 to $4,9995,144
   $5,000 to $9,9996,002
   $10,000 to $19,9995,968
   $20,000 to $24,9991,833
   $25,000 to $39,9993,372
   $40,000 to $49,9991,511
   $50,000 to $99,9994,044
   $100,000 to $249,9995,585
   $250,000 to $499,9993,328
   $500,000 or more2,901
  
Total farm production expenses ($1,000)6,041,767
   Average per farm ($)101,869
  
Net cash farm income of the operations ($1,000)1,755,111
   Average per farm ($)29,593
Operator Characteristics Quantity
Principal operators by primary occupation
   Farming30,638
   Other28,671
 
Principal operators by sex
   Male50,849
   Female8,460
  
Average age of principal operator56.1
 
All operators by race 2
   American Indian or Alaska Native114
   Asian103
   Black or African American103
   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander19
   White90,012
   More than one race244
  
All operators of Spanish, Hispanic or Latino Origin 2652

Note: See "Census of Agriculture, Volume 1, Geographic Area Series" for complete footnotes, explanations, definitions, and methodology.
   1 Universe is number of states in U.S. with item.
   2 Data were collected for a maximum of three operators per farm.
  (D) Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.
   - Represents zero.